CSIR stands for Council of scientific and Industrial Research. It is an autonomous body and India’s premier research and development (R&D) organisation. It was established in 1942. Council of scientific and Industrial Research has been set up by Ministry of Science and Technology. However, it operates as an autonomous body through the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
CSIR conducts wide range of research and development in the field of – physics, oceanography, geophysics, earth sciences, chemical, drugs, genomics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, mining, materials, aeronautics, environmental engineering and information technology.
CSIR Laboratories have patented over 1000 Technologies and processes which are available for commercial usage. Many of these Technologies have been commercialized to meet the needs of the market.