List of Biosphere reserves in India

Definition:-

Biosphere reserves are area where flora and fauna are protected. The Indian government has established 18 Biosphere Reserves. You will find national parks and wildlife sanctuaries residing withing a Biosphere reserve.

Biosphere reserves in india UPSC amit sengupta

Following are the list of Biosphere reserves in India:-

Year
Name
Location
State
Key fauna
1
1986
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Part of Waynad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and Mudumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley
Tamil Nadu,Kerala and Karnataka
Nilgiri tahr, lion-tailed macaque
2
1988
Nanda Devi National Park & Biosphere Reserve
Parts of Chamoli District, Pithoragarh District& Bageshwar District
Uttarakhand
Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear
3
1989
Gulf of Mannar
Indian part of Gulf of Mannar extending from Rameswaram island in the North to Kanyakumari in the South of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka
Tamil Nadu
Dugong or sea cow
4
1988
Nokrek
Part of Garo Hills
Meghalaya
Red panda
5
1989
Sundarbans
Part of delta of Ganges and Brahmaputrariver system
West Bengal
Royal Bengal tiger
6
1989
Manas
Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta,Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang Districts
Assam
Golden langur, red panda
7
1994
Simlipal
Part of Mayurbhanj district
Odisha
Gaur, royal Bengal tiger, elephant
8
1998
Dihang-Dibang
Part of Siang and Dibang Valley
Arunachal Pradesh
9
1999
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
Parts of Betul District, Hoshangabad Districtand Chhindwara District
Madhya Pradesh
Giant squirrel, flying squirrel
10
2005
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve
Part of Annupur, Dindori and Bilaspurdistricts
Madhya Pradesh,Chhattisgarh
Four-horned antelope, Indian wild dog, Sarus crane, White-rumped vulture, Philautus sanctisilvaticus(Sacred grove bush frog)
11
2008
Great Rann of Kutch
Part of Kutch, Rajkot, Surendranagar and Patan Districts
Gujarat
Indian wild ass
12
2009
Cold Desert
Pin Valley National Park and surroundings;Chandratal and Sarchu & Kibber Wildlife Sancturary
Himachal Pradesh
Snow leopard
13
2000
Khangchendzonga
Parts of Kangchenjunga
Sikkim
Snow leopard, red panda
14
2001
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve
Neyyar, Peppara and Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary and their adjoining areas
Kerala, Tamil Nadu
Nilgiri tahr, elephants
15
1989
Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve
Southernmost islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Saltwater crocodile
16
1997
Dibru-Saikhowa
Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts
Assam
Golden langur
17
2010
Seshachalam Hills
Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor and Kadapa districts
Andhra Pradesh
18
2011
Panna
Part of Panna District and Chhatarpur District
Madhya Pradesh
Tiger, chital, chinkara, sambhar and sloth bear

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