1.  Answer the following questions.

(a) What are the two types of deserts found in the world?

Ans. (i) Hot desert and (ii) Cold desert

(b) In which continent is the Sahara desert located?

Ans. Africa.

(c) What are the climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert?

Ans. The climatic conditions of the Ladakh desert are cold and dry.

(d) What mainly attracts tourists to Ladakh?

Ans. (i) Gompas, (ii) meadows and glaciers and (iii) ceremonies and festivities to local people.

(e) What type of clothes the people of the Sahara desert wear?

Ans. People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes as protection against dust storms and hot winds.

(f) Name the trees that grow in Ladakh.

Ans. Willows, poplars, apples, apricots and walnuts.

2. Tick the correct answer

(i) Sahara is located in which part of Africa

(a) eastern (b) northern (c) western

(ii) Sahara is what type of desert

(a) cold (b) hot (c) mild

(iii) The Ladakh desert is mainly inhabited by

(a) Christians and Muslims

(b) Buddhists and Muslims

(c) Christians and Buddhists

(iv) Deserts are characterized by

(a) scanty vegetation

(b) heavy precipitation

(c) low evaporation

(v) Hemis in the Ladakh is a famous

(a) temple (b) church (c) monastery

(vi) Egypt is famous for growing

(a) wheat (b) maize (c) cotton

3. Match the following.

(i) Oasis

Depressions with water

(ii) Bedouins


(iii) Oil


(iv) Gangri


(v) Lamayuru


4. Give reasons.

(i) There is scanty vegetation in the deserts.

Ans. Because of extreme harsh temperatures and little rain fall

(ii) People of the Sahara desert wear heavy robes.

Ans. To protect themselves from the dust storms and hot winds.

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