1. Answer the following questions.

(i) What are the four means of transport?

Ans. Roadways, Railways, Waterways & Airways.

(ii) What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?

Ans. Settlements are places where people built their homes.

(iii) Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?

Ans. Activities practiced by the rural are : hunting, gathering, shifting cultivation, transhumance (Seasonal Migration).

(iv) Mention any two merits of railways?

Ans. Two merits of railways are :-

  1. Railways carry people overlong distances quickly and cheaply.
  2. They also carry heavy goods a raw material in bulk, transported from mines to industrial areas and from there to the market or ports.

(v) What do you understand by communication?

Ans. communication is the process of conveying messages to others.

(vi) What is mass media?

Ans. The modes of communication through which we can communicate with a large number of people, like newspaper, radio and television, are called mass media.

2. Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which is NOT a means of communication?

(a) telephone (b) books (c) table

(ii) Which type of road is constructed under the ground?

(a) fly over (b) expressways (c) subways

(iii) Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?

(a) ship (b) train (c) car

(iv) Which vehicle does not pollute the environment

(c) cycle (b) bus (c) airplane

3. Match the following.

(i) Internet

A means of communication

(ii) Canal route

Inland waterway

(iii) Urban areas

Areas where people are engaged in manufacturing,Trade and services

(iv) Compact settlement

Closely built area of houses

4. Give reasons.

(i)Today’s world is shrinking?

Ans. With the development of technology humans have devised new and fast modes of communication. Different modes of communication are used to provide information, to educate as well as to entertain. Internet not only provides us with worldwide information and interaction but has also made our lives more comfortable. Because of these various options that communication provide us, the world has become a much smaller place and it is shrinking day by day.

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